According to Ecotricity® (Britain’s largest Green energy supplier) “fossil fuel reserves are finite – it’s only a matter of when they run out – not if. Globally – every year we currently consume the equivalent of over 11 billion tonnes of oil in fossil fuels. Crude oil reserves are vanishing at the rate of 4 billion tonnes a year – if we carry on at this rate without any increase for our growing population or aspirations, our known oil deposits will be gone by 2052. We’ll still have gas left, and coal too. But if we increase gas production to fill the energy gap left by oil, then those reserves will only give us an additional eight years, taking us to 2060.”
Fossil Fuel depletion is a reality. Climate change is also a lingering threat to the planet. Therefore, it is important for all of us to do our part in reducing the irreversible changes especially in the field of energy by looking at sources that cannot be depleted i.e., renewable energy. There are many types of renewables such as Solar, Wind, Wave, Geothermal etc., just to name a few. The choice and integration of renewables depends upon on-site conditions, commercial arrangements, distance from grid, reliability requirement etc.
Floating solar arrays can be used where land is scarce, access is difficult and water conservation is a need. It is possible to integrate floating solar systems on all types of water bodies such as Lakes, Saltwater Lakes, Reservoirs, Irrigation Ponds, Water Inlets, Dams | Hydro, Harbor or Sea, Rivers etc.
A floating solar array installation is constructed to float on a raft membrane that is free to track the sun and take advantage of the cooling properties of the water. A floating solar system can operate under all weather conditions and also withstand Category 1 and 2 winds as well as seismic loads. Up to 10 meters in water level differential can be accommodated daily and 2 meter peak and trough waves.
The solar array can use standard PVs, Glass or Bi facial PVs as well increased efficiency panels. A full detailed analysis of each site location and operating conditions is undertaken to identify the optimum equipment selection and configuration. The electrical components for the system remain on land with power drawn by electrical cable from the array to the sub main panel or to an energy storage system.
A yield of up to 3 times (300X) that of traditional fixed based solar is possible by utilizing cooling, tracking and concentrators to gain maximum solar energy. Systems are modular and can be readily coupled together.
The floating solar system can power bolted on water treatment systems for treating a variety of water quality issues from preventing and controlling algal bloom to salt extraction and chlorination.
Infratech Industries designs and integrates renewable systems with other types of infrastructure for efficiency and for reduced operational costs thereby, increasing infrastructure performance. Infratech Industries is able to integrate solar for on-site renewable energy in rural | remote locations that benefits communities in providing much needed facilities.
These can be developed as compatible use projects, which conserves valuable resources. Further, by raising the solar system above ground level, valuable land can be utilized for other purposes. As the system is elevated, the solar system is secure and the framing provides the envelope for other infrastructure to be ‘built-in’ as required. Green houses can be powered for water pumping and heating and cooling.
Compatible uses are: